25
2013
12

lucene.net 3.0.3、结合盘古分词进行搜索的小例子(分页功能)

添加:2013-12-25

更新:2013-12-26 新增分页功能。

更新:2013-12-27 新增按分类查询功能,调整索引行新增记录的图片字段。

最新盘古分词dll和词典管理工具下载:http://pangusegment.codeplex.com/

词典下载:http://pangusegment.codeplex.com/releases/view/47411 


//封装类

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using Lucene.Net.Analysis;
using Lucene.Net.Index;
using Lucene.Net.Documents;
using System.Reflection;
using Lucene.Net.QueryParsers;
using Lucene.Net.Search;
namespace SearchTest
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 盘古分词在lucene.net中的使用帮助类
    /// 调用PanGuLuceneHelper.instance
    /// </summary>
    public class PanGuLuceneHelper
    {
        private PanGuLuceneHelper() { }
        #region 单一实例
        private static PanGuLuceneHelper _instance = null;
        /// <summary>
        /// 单一实例
        /// </summary>
        public static PanGuLuceneHelper instance
        {
            get
            {
                if (_instance == null) _instance = new PanGuLuceneHelper();
                return _instance;
            }
        }
        #endregion
        #region 分词测试
        /// <summary>
        /// 分词测试
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="keyword"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public string Token(string keyword)
        {
            string ret = "";
            System.IO.StringReader reader = new System.IO.StringReader(keyword);
            Lucene.Net.Analysis.TokenStream ts = analyzer.TokenStream(keyword, reader);
            bool hasNext = ts.IncrementToken();
            Lucene.Net.Analysis.Tokenattributes.ITermAttribute ita;
            while (hasNext)
            {
                ita = ts.GetAttribute<Lucene.Net.Analysis.Tokenattributes.ITermAttribute>();
                ret += ita.Term + "|";
                hasNext = ts.IncrementToken();
            }
            ts.CloneAttributes();
            reader.Close();
            analyzer.Close();
            return ret;
        }
        #endregion
        #region 创建索引
        /// <summary>
        /// 创建索引
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="datalist"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool CreateIndex(List<MySearchUnit> datalist)
        {
            IndexWriter writer = null;
            try
            {
                writer = new IndexWriter(directory_luce, analyzer, false, IndexWriter.MaxFieldLength.LIMITED);//false表示追加(true表示删除之前的重新写入)
            }
            catch
            {
                writer = new IndexWriter(directory_luce, analyzer, true, IndexWriter.MaxFieldLength.LIMITED);//false表示追加(true表示删除之前的重新写入)
            }
            foreach (MySearchUnit data in datalist)
            {
                CreateIndex(writer, data);
            }
            writer.Optimize();
            writer.Dispose();
            return true;
        }
        public bool CreateIndex(IndexWriter writer, MySearchUnit data)
        {
            try
            {
                if (data == null) return false;
                Document doc = new Document();
                Type type = data.GetType();//assembly.GetType("Reflect_test.PurchaseOrderHeadManageModel", true, true); //命名空间名称 + 类名    
                //创建类的实例    
                //object obj = Activator.CreateInstance(type, true);  
                //获取公共属性    
                PropertyInfo[] Propertys = type.GetProperties();
                for (int i = 0; i < Propertys.Length; i++)
                {
                    //Propertys[i].SetValue(Propertys[i], i, null); //设置值
                    PropertyInfo pi = Propertys[i];
                    string name=pi.Name;
                    object objval = pi.GetValue(data, null);
                    string value = objval == null ? "" : objval.ToString(); //值
                    if (name == "id" || name=="flag" )//id在写入索引时必是不分词,否则是模糊搜索和删除,会出现混乱
                    {
                        doc.Add(new Field(name, value, Field.Store.YES, Field.Index.NOT_ANALYZED));//id不分词
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        doc.Add(new Field(name, value, Field.Store.YES, Field.Index.ANALYZED));
                    }
                }
                writer.AddDocument(doc);
            }
            catch (System.IO.FileNotFoundException fnfe)
            {
                throw fnfe;
            }
            return true;
        }
        #endregion
        #region 在title和content字段中查询数据
        /// <summary>
        /// 在title和content字段中查询数据
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="keyword"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public List<MySearchUnit> Search(string keyword)
        {
            string[] fileds = { "title", "content" };//查询字段
            //Stopwatch st = new Stopwatch();
            //st.Start();
            QueryParser parser = null;// new QueryParser(Lucene.Net.Util.Version.LUCENE_30, field, analyzer);//一个字段查询
            parser = new MultiFieldQueryParser(version, fileds, analyzer);//多个字段查询
            Query query = parser.Parse(keyword);
            int n = 1000;
            IndexSearcher searcher = new IndexSearcher(directory_luce, true);//true-表示只读
            TopDocs docs = searcher.Search(query, (Filter)null, n);
            if (docs == null || docs.TotalHits == 0)
            {
                return null;
            }
            else
            {
                List<MySearchUnit> list = new List<MySearchUnit>();
                int counter = 1;
                foreach (ScoreDoc sd in docs.ScoreDocs)//遍历搜索到的结果
                {
                    try
                    {
                        Document doc = searcher.Doc(sd.Doc);
                        string id = doc.Get("id");
                        string title = doc.Get("title");
                        string content = doc.Get("content");
                        string flag = doc.Get("flag");
                        string imageurl = doc.Get("imageurl");
                        string updatetime = doc.Get("updatetime");
                        string createdate = doc.Get("createdate");
                        PanGu.HighLight.SimpleHTMLFormatter simpleHTMLFormatter = new PanGu.HighLight.SimpleHTMLFormatter("<font color=\"red\">", "</font>");
                        PanGu.HighLight.Highlighter highlighter = new PanGu.HighLight.Highlighter(simpleHTMLFormatter, new PanGu.Segment());
                        highlighter.FragmentSize = 50;
                        content = highlighter.GetBestFragment(keyword, content);
                        string titlehighlight = highlighter.GetBestFragment(keyword, title);
                        if (titlehighlight != "") title = titlehighlight;
                        list.Add(new MySearchUnit(id, title, content, flag,imageurl, updatetime));
                    }
                    catch (Exception ex)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                    }
                    counter++;
                }
                return list;
            }
            //st.Stop();
            //Response.Write("查询时间:" + st.ElapsedMilliseconds + " 毫秒<br/>");
        }
        #endregion
        #region 在不同的分类下再根据title和content字段中查询数据(分页)
        /// <summary>
        /// 在不同的类型下再根据title和content字段中查询数据(分页)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="_flag">分类,传空值查询全部</param>
        /// <param name="keyword"></param>
        /// <param name="PageIndex"></param>
        /// <param name="PageSize"></param>
        /// <param name="TotalCount"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public List<MySearchUnit> Search(string _flag,string keyword, int PageIndex, int PageSize, out int TotalCount)
        {
            if (PageIndex < 1) PageIndex = 1;
            //Stopwatch st = new Stopwatch();
            //st.Start();
            BooleanQuery bq = new BooleanQuery();
            if (_flag != "")
            {
                QueryParser qpflag = new QueryParser(version, "flag", analyzer);
                Query qflag = qpflag.Parse(_flag);
                bq.Add(qflag, Occur.MUST);//与运算
            }
            if (keyword != "")
            {
                string[] fileds = { "title", "content" };//查询字段
                QueryParser parser = null;// new QueryParser(version, field, analyzer);//一个字段查询
                parser = new MultiFieldQueryParser(version, fileds, analyzer);//多个字段查询
                Query queryKeyword = parser.Parse(keyword);
                bq.Add(queryKeyword, Occur.MUST);//与运算
            }
            
            TopScoreDocCollector collector = TopScoreDocCollector.Create(PageIndex * PageSize, false);
            IndexSearcher searcher = new IndexSearcher(directory_luce, true);//true-表示只读
            searcher.Search(bq, collector);
            if (collector == null || collector.TotalHits == 0)
            {
                TotalCount = 0;
                return null;
            }
            else
            {
                int start = PageSize * (PageIndex - 1);
                //结束数
                int limit = PageSize;
                ScoreDoc[] hits = collector.TopDocs(start, limit).ScoreDocs;
                List<MySearchUnit> list = new List<MySearchUnit>();
                int counter = 1;
                TotalCount = collector.TotalHits;
                foreach (ScoreDoc sd in hits)//遍历搜索到的结果
                {
                    try
                    {
                        Document doc = searcher.Doc(sd.Doc);
                        string id = doc.Get("id");
                        string title = doc.Get("title");
                        string content = doc.Get("content");
                        string flag = doc.Get("flag");
                        string imageurl = doc.Get("imageurl");
                        string updatetime = doc.Get("updatetime");
                        PanGu.HighLight.SimpleHTMLFormatter simpleHTMLFormatter = new PanGu.HighLight.SimpleHTMLFormatter("<font color=\"red\">", "</font>");
                        PanGu.HighLight.Highlighter highlighter = new PanGu.HighLight.Highlighter(simpleHTMLFormatter, new PanGu.Segment());
                        highlighter.FragmentSize = 50;
                        content = highlighter.GetBestFragment(keyword, content);
                        string titlehighlight = highlighter.GetBestFragment(keyword, title);
                        if (titlehighlight != "") title = titlehighlight;
                        list.Add(new MySearchUnit(id, title, content, flag,imageurl, updatetime));
                    }
                    catch (Exception ex)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                    }
                    counter++;
                }
                return list;
            }
            //st.Stop();
            //Response.Write("查询时间:" + st.ElapsedMilliseconds + " 毫秒<br/>");
        }
        #endregion
        #region 删除索引数据(根据id)
        /// <summary>
        /// 删除索引数据(根据id)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="id"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool Delete(string id)
        {
            bool IsSuccess = false;
            Term term = new Term("id", id);
            //Analyzer analyzer = new StandardAnalyzer(Lucene.Net.Util.Version.LUCENE_30);
            //Version version = new Version();
            //MultiFieldQueryParser parser = new MultiFieldQueryParser(version, new string[] { "name", "job" }, analyzer);//多个字段查询
            //Query query = parser.Parse("小王");
            //IndexReader reader = IndexReader.Open(directory_luce, false);
            //reader.DeleteDocuments(term);
            //Response.Write("删除记录结果: " + reader.HasDeletions + "<br/>");
            //reader.Dispose();
            IndexWriter writer = new IndexWriter(directory_luce, analyzer, false, IndexWriter.MaxFieldLength.LIMITED);
            writer.DeleteDocuments(term); // writer.DeleteDocuments(term)或者writer.DeleteDocuments(query);
            ////writer.DeleteAll();
            writer.Commit();
            //writer.Optimize();//
            IsSuccess = writer.HasDeletions();
            writer.Dispose();
            return IsSuccess;
        }
        #endregion
        #region 删除全部索引数据
        /// <summary>
        /// 删除全部索引数据
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool DeleteAll()
        {
            bool IsSuccess = true;
            try
            {
                IndexWriter writer = new IndexWriter(directory_luce, analyzer, false, IndexWriter.MaxFieldLength.LIMITED);
                writer.DeleteAll();
                writer.Commit();
                //writer.Optimize();//
                IsSuccess = writer.HasDeletions();
                writer.Dispose();
            }
            catch
            {
                IsSuccess = false;
            }
            return IsSuccess;
        }
        #endregion
        #region directory_luce
        private Lucene.Net.Store.Directory _directory_luce = null;
        /// <summary>
        /// Lucene.Net的目录-参数
        /// </summary>
        public Lucene.Net.Store.Directory directory_luce
        {
            get
            {
                if (_directory_luce == null) _directory_luce = Lucene.Net.Store.FSDirectory.Open(directory);
                return _directory_luce;
            }
        } 
        #endregion
        #region directory
        private System.IO.DirectoryInfo _directory = null;
        /// <summary>
        /// 索引在硬盘上的目录
        /// </summary>
        public System.IO.DirectoryInfo directory
        {
            get
            {
                if (_directory == null)
                {
                    string dirPath = AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory + "SearchIndex";
                    if (System.IO.Directory.Exists(dirPath) == false) _directory = System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(dirPath);
                    else _directory = new System.IO.DirectoryInfo(dirPath);
                }
                return _directory;
            }
        } 
        #endregion
        #region analyzer
        private Analyzer _analyzer = null;
        /// <summary>
        /// 分析器
        /// </summary>
        public Analyzer analyzer
        {
            get
            {
                //if (_analyzer == null)
                {
                    _analyzer = new Lucene.Net.Analysis.PanGu.PanGuAnalyzer();//盘古分词分析器
                    //_analyzer = new StandardAnalyzer(Lucene.Net.Util.Version.LUCENE_30);//标准分析器
                }
                return _analyzer;
            }
        } 
        #endregion
        #region version
        private static Lucene.Net.Util.Version _version = Lucene.Net.Util.Version.LUCENE_30;
        /// <summary>
        /// 版本号枚举类
        /// </summary>
        public Lucene.Net.Util.Version version
        {
            get
            {
                return _version;
            }
        }
        #endregion
    }
    #region 索引的一个行单元,相当于数据库中的一行数据
    /// <summary>
    /// 索引的一个行单元,相当于数据库中的一行数据
    /// </summary>
    public class MySearchUnit
    {
        public MySearchUnit(string _id, string _title, string _content, string _flag, string _imageurl, string _updatetime)
        {
            this.id = _id;
            this.title = _title;
            this.content = _content;
            this.flag = _flag;
            this.imageurl = _imageurl;
            this.updatetime = _updatetime;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 唯一的id号
        /// </summary>
        public string id { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 标题
        /// </summary>
        public string title { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 内容
        /// </summary>
        public string content { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 其他信息
        /// </summary>
        public string flag { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 图片路径
        /// </summary>
        public string imageurl { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 时间
        /// </summary>
        public string updatetime { get; set; }
    } 
    #endregion
}
//调用测试
       protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            //PanGuLuceneHelper.instance.DeleteAll();//删除全部
            //PanGuLuceneHelper.instance.Delete("1d");//根据id删除
            bool exec = false;
            if (exec)
            {
                List<MySearchUnit> list = new List<MySearchUnit>();
                list.Add(new MySearchUnit("1a", "标题小王", "今天是小王的生日,大家都很高兴去他家喝酒,玩了一整天。", new Random().Next(1, 10).ToString(), "", ""));
                list.Add(new MySearchUnit("1b", "标题小张", "今天是小张的生日,大家都很高兴去他家喝酒,玩了几天。", new Random().Next(1, 10).ToString(), "", ""));
                list.Add(new MySearchUnit("1c", "标题小王", "今天是小王的生日,大家都很高兴去他家喝酒,玩了一整天。", new Random().Next(1, 10).ToString(), "", ""));
                list.Add(new MySearchUnit("1d", "标题小张", "今天是小张的生日,大家都很高兴去他家喝酒,玩了几天。", new Random().Next(1, 10).ToString(), "", ""));
                PanGuLuceneHelper.instance.CreateIndex(list);//添加索引
            }
            int count = 0;
            int PageIndex=2;
            int PageSize=4;
            string html_content = "";
            List<MySearchUnit> searchlist = PanGuLuceneHelper.instance.Search("3","小王 生日",PageIndex,PageSize,out count);
            html_content+=("查询结果:" + count + "条数据<br/>");
            if (searchlist == null || searchlist.Count==0)
            {
                html_content += ("未查询到数据。<br/>");
            }
            else
            {
                foreach (MySearchUnit data in searchlist)
                {
                    html_content += (string.Format("id:{0},title:{1},content:{2},flag:{3},updatetime:{4}<br/>", data.id, data.title, data.content, data.flag, data.updatetime));
                }
            }
            html_content += (PanGuLuceneHelper.instance.version);
            div_content.InnerHtml = html_content;
        }




//效果:



第一版源码示例下载:http://download.csdn.net/detail/pukuimin1226/6768179


最新源码示例下载:http://download.csdn.net/detail/pukuimin1226/6776049  或  lucene3.0.3搜索的使用示例v1.3.zip


百度云盘下载链接:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1o69cCD8


Lucene.Net没有判断数据重复性,同一条数据插入多少遍它就有多少条相同的数据,所以,我们人为地用id区分,在数据量大,全部重新创建索引时间长的情况下(数据量到几万以上就耗资源了,从数据库中查询出来,再写入索引,使得数据库和程序本身都增加负担),增量建立索引是很有必要的。


新增一条数据,就直接添加一条索引;


修改一条数据,先删除同一个id的索引(不管有多少个id相同的,都会一次性删除),再添加一条。




数据库中的id建议大家都用guid去掉“-”,还可以加日期“yyyyMMddHHmmss”这样组合,长度一致看起来美观,也充分保证唯一。




版权声明:
作者:真爱无限 出处:http://www.pukuimin.top 本文为博主原创文章版权归作者所有,欢迎转载,但未经作者同意必须保留此段声明,且在文章页面明显位置给出原文链接.
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